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Pamphlet Committee
created by Pruyne

Pamphlet Committee
created by Pruyne

Pamphlet Committee
created by Pruyne

Pamphlet Committee
created by MacKenzie M

Pamphlet Committee
created by Pruyne

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This version saved: 05/18/2010 | 08:49 AM by Pruyne
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Pamphlet Committee

You guys will need to research the spill, the impact of the spill of the environment and the economy and on the process that turns hair into oil booms.  You need to pick out a template, and decide what information/pictures you're going to include.

 

heres a website for info on how hair helps pick up oil http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/8674539.stm -kenzie marvin

environment http://www.hhs.gov/gulfoilspill/index.html 

 

Hair is collected then mailed in to the Matter of Trust charity. They then make the hair into oil spill clean up mats and oil spill containment booms (recycled nylon is stuffed with hair and animal fur)
 
726 million gallons of oil on average are spilt every year
366 million gallons of motor oil are spilt every year
1 quart of oil can contaminate 1 million gallons of drinking water
300,000 pounds of hair and fur are cut daily in the US
 
the spill is will cause a long term damage to the ecosystem that is responsible for 20% of the nations total commercial seafood production
 
the oil releases a total of 5000 barrels of oil a day
 
in Louisiana the fishing industry brings 2.4 billion dollars to the states
 
experts worry that millions of gallons will reach the coast where shrimp and other seafood are beginning to spawn, which would wipe out the industry for years
 
 If enough oil makes landfall, it could kill the marsh grass, which essentially kills the marshland. “If the marsh goes, the land erodes and the wetlands are lost. The consequences could be severe,” Michael Blum, an assistant professor of ecology at Tulane University in New Orleans
 
 
 
 

 

Hair Composition

Human hair consists of three layers. The outside layer, known as the cuticle, is made of scales of the protein keratin. Much like the shingle coverings of a roof, the keratin scales protect the inner portions of the hair. The next layer also contains keratin, but is made of protein fibers more tightly knit together. Finally, the inner core--known as the medulla--is composed of round cells.

The sebaceous glands produce oil on the scalp. Hormones control the amount of oil a person secretes--which explains why some people may have oilier hair than others.

Absorption

When oil is applied to the hair (or coated via the sebaceous glands), two things take place. The first is that the oil is able to seep into areas where the keratin scales may have flaked off or do not fully cover the hair, leaving open areas exposed. Once again, consider the hair strand as a roof. Over time, damage from heat styling, excessive brushing, pollutants or other occurrences can strip the roof's shingles away. The result is that oil is able to flow under the panels and be absorbed by the hair.

After this oil seeps into the hair, the remaining oil will cling to the tiny scales outside the hair's cuticle.

Practical Applications

The hair's ability to absorb oil means more than just that a person can have a bad hair day. Hair's ability to absorb oil has been used to sop up oil following several oil spills, including a 50,000-gallon fuel leak off the Philippines' Guimaras island. Using hair mats created from discarded hair clippings from salons and animal hair, rescuers applied the mats to the oil spill, which in turn absorbed the oil.

When it comes to everyday application, hair's ability to absorb oil or to become coated with oil means most people must wash their hair every day or every other day.


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05/18/2010 | 08:48 AM - by Pruyne




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