Regents Q's (65) - Jefferson, War 1812, Era Good Feeling, Jackson
 


1. The creation of the first political parties in the
United States
     resulted from a controversy over

1 declaring independence from Great Britain

2 recognizing women’s equality

3 expanding slavery into the newly acquired territories

4 interpreting the Constitution

2. In the early 1800’s, a series of Supreme Court decisions
                made under the leadership of Chief
Justice John Marshall led to

1 a weakening of the power of corporations

2 a strengthening of the power of the Federal Government

3 the abolition of slavery

4 guarantees of free public education for minorities

3. Territorial expansion during the first half of the 19th 
                century contributed to

1 balancing the Federal budget

2 escalating the debate over slavery

3 weakening the traditional policy of isolationism

4 improving the living conditions of Native American Indians


4. Since 1823, which United States policy has limited foreign
                influence in the Western
Hemisphere?

1 the Eisenhower Doctrine

2 popular sovereignty

3 imperialism

4 the Monroe Doctrine
5. What was the main reason the United States did not
                 limit immigration during most of the 19th
century?

1 Political parties wanted to gain new voters.

2 Most immigrants arrived with large amounts of capital to
               
invest in   American industries.

3 The expanding economy needed a supply of cheap labor.

4 Immigrants were more willing to serve in the military than
               native-born Americans.

6.  As the United States acquired more land between 1803 and
                
1850, controversy over these territories focused on the

(1) need for schools and colleges

(2) failure to conserve natural resources

(3) expansion of slavery

(4) construction of transcontinental railroads
7. A major reason for the issuance of the Monroe Doctrine
                (1823) was to

(1) discourage United States trade with Latin America

(2) defend the Panama Canal from Great Britain

(3) prevent further European colonization in the Caribbean region

(4) provide economic aid to Latin American nations
8. What was the result of many of the Supreme Court
                decisions made under Chief Justice John
Marshall between
                1801 and 1835?

(1) The system of slavery was weakened.

(2) The federal government was strengthened.

(3) The rights of workers were supported.

(4) Antitrust laws were upheld.
9. Which geographic advantage did the United States gain
                
by purchasing the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803?

(1) warm-water ports on the Atlantic coast

(2) rich fishing areas in the Great Lakes

(3) full control of the Mississippi River

(4) vast coal reserves in the region west of Pennsylvania
10. Which geographic factor had the greatest influence on 
                  early patterns of industrialization 
in the United States?

(1) scarcity of flat land on which to build factories
           
(2) shortages of timber and coal
           
(3) desire of workers to live in mild climates

(4) availability of waterpower to operate machines
11. During John Marshall’s years as Chief Justice (1801–1835), the Supreme Court increased its powers by

(1) limiting the spread of slavery in the West

(2) expanding the federal supremacy clause of the Constitution

(3) joining the president in disputes with Congress

(4) staying out of disputes between the two political parties

12. In the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Supreme
                 
Court increased its power by

(1) establishing the practice of judicial review

            (2) upholding the presidential appointment power

(3) expanding the meaning of individual liberties

(4) declaring the principle of states’ rights unconstitutional

13. One similarity in the foreign policies of Presidents
                 
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James
                  Monroe was  that they

(1) favored France over England

(2) promoted colonial expansion

(3) came to the defense of Latin American nations         

(4) sought to avoid involvement in European political struggles
14. A loose interpretation of the Constitution was applied when

(1) George Washington appointed John Jay to the Supreme Court

(2) John Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts

(3) Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory

(4) James Monroe delivered his State of the Union message
15. One reason James Madison and Thomas Jefferson
                  objected to Alexander Hamilton’s financial policies
                 
was that they believed

(1) the establishment of a national bank was unconstitutional

(2) a laissez-faire policy would not help the country’s economy

(3) the government should encourage industrial development

(4) high tariffs were needed to protect America’s economic interests
16. As a result of President Andrew Jackson’s policies,
                  Native American Indians were

(1) relocated to reservations in Mexico

(2) forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi River

(3) gradually allowed to return to their ancestral lands

(4) given United States citizenship
17. The Missouri Compromise (1820), the Compromise of
                  1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act
(1854) were all efforts to

(1) end fighting between midwestern farmers and Native 
                 American Indians

(2) encourage manufacturing in the West

(3) increase the number of people who voted in presidential elections