Regents Q's (65) - Jefferson, War 1812, Era Good Feeling, Jackson

1. The creation of the first political parties in the
United States
     resulted from a controversy over

1 declaring independence from Great Britain

2 recognizing women’s equality

3 expanding slavery into the newly acquired territories

4 interpreting the Constitution

2. In the early 1800’s, a series of Supreme Court decisions
                made under the leadership of Chief
Justice John Marshall led to

1 a weakening of the power of corporations

2 a strengthening of the power of the Federal Government

3 the abolition of slavery

4 guarantees of free public education for minorities

3. Territorial expansion during the first half of the 19th 
                century contributed to

1 balancing the Federal budget

2 escalating the debate over slavery

3 weakening the traditional policy of isolationism

4 improving the living conditions of Native American Indians

4. Since 1823, which United States policy has limited foreign
                influence in the Western

1 the Eisenhower Doctrine

2 popular sovereignty

3 imperialism

4 the Monroe Doctrine
5. What was the main reason the United States did not
                 limit immigration during most of the 19th

1 Political parties wanted to gain new voters.

2 Most immigrants arrived with large amounts of capital to
invest in   American industries.

3 The expanding economy needed a supply of cheap labor.

4 Immigrants were more willing to serve in the military than
               native-born Americans.

6.  As the United States acquired more land between 1803 and
1850, controversy over these territories focused on the

(1) need for schools and colleges

(2) failure to conserve natural resources

(3) expansion of slavery

(4) construction of transcontinental railroads
7. A major reason for the issuance of the Monroe Doctrine
                (1823) was to

(1) discourage United States trade with Latin America

(2) defend the Panama Canal from Great Britain

(3) prevent further European colonization in the Caribbean region

(4) provide economic aid to Latin American nations
8. What was the result of many of the Supreme Court
                decisions made under Chief Justice John
Marshall between
                1801 and 1835?

(1) The system of slavery was weakened.

(2) The federal government was strengthened.

(3) The rights of workers were supported.

(4) Antitrust laws were upheld.
9. Which geographic advantage did the United States gain
by purchasing the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803?

(1) warm-water ports on the Atlantic coast

(2) rich fishing areas in the Great Lakes

(3) full control of the Mississippi River

(4) vast coal reserves in the region west of Pennsylvania
10. Which geographic factor had the greatest influence on 
                  early patterns of industrialization 
in the United States?

(1) scarcity of flat land on which to build factories
(2) shortages of timber and coal
(3) desire of workers to live in mild climates

(4) availability of waterpower to operate machines
11. During John Marshall’s years as Chief Justice (1801–1835), the Supreme Court increased its powers by

(1) limiting the spread of slavery in the West

(2) expanding the federal supremacy clause of the Constitution

(3) joining the president in disputes with Congress

(4) staying out of disputes between the two political parties

12. In the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Supreme
Court increased its power by

(1) establishing the practice of judicial review

            (2) upholding the presidential appointment power

(3) expanding the meaning of individual liberties

(4) declaring the principle of states’ rights unconstitutional

13. One similarity in the foreign policies of Presidents
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James
                  Monroe was  that they

(1) favored France over England

(2) promoted colonial expansion

(3) came to the defense of Latin American nations         

(4) sought to avoid involvement in European political struggles
14. A loose interpretation of the Constitution was applied when

(1) George Washington appointed John Jay to the Supreme Court

(2) John Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts

(3) Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory

(4) James Monroe delivered his State of the Union message
15. One reason James Madison and Thomas Jefferson
                  objected to Alexander Hamilton’s financial policies
was that they believed

(1) the establishment of a national bank was unconstitutional

(2) a laissez-faire policy would not help the country’s economy

(3) the government should encourage industrial development

(4) high tariffs were needed to protect America’s economic interests
16. As a result of President Andrew Jackson’s policies,
                  Native American Indians were

(1) relocated to reservations in Mexico

(2) forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi River

(3) gradually allowed to return to their ancestral lands

(4) given United States citizenship
17. The Missouri Compromise (1820), the Compromise of
                  1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act
(1854) were all efforts to

(1) end fighting between midwestern farmers and Native 
                 American Indians

(2) encourage manufacturing in the West

(3) increase the number of people who voted in presidential elections

(4) settle disputes over the spread of slavery to the
                 western territories
18. In an outline, which main topic would include the other three?

(1) Erie Canal

(2) 19th-Century Internal Improvements

(3) Transcontinental Railroad

(4) National Road
19. President George Washington in his Farewell Address,
                  President James Monroe in the
Doctrine, and
                  the opponents of the
League of Nations all wanted the
United States to

(1) avoid European conflicts

(2) avoid trade with foreign nations

(3) refuse diplomatic recognition of non democratic nations

(4) reduce foreign influence by establishing immigration quotas
20.  If the Great Plains were shown in this map, they would be
                   located mostly in

(1) French Louisiana

(2) Spanish Mexico

(3) the Oregon Country

(4) the original thirteen states
21. The decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803) expanded
                  the power of the Supreme Court by

(1) restricting the use of the elastic clause

(2) establishing the power of judicial review

(3) upholding the constitutionality of the National Bank

(4) interpreting the interstate commerce clause
22. The foreign policies of George Washington, Thomas
                  Jefferson, and James Monroe were
similar in that they each

(1) supported wars against England

(2) failed to acquire new territory

(3) attempted to avoid involvement in European affairs

(4) aided the French in return for their help during the 
                  Revolutionary War
23.Which action is an example of the use of the elastic clause
                 of the United
States Constitution?

1 purchase of the Louisiana Territory by President Thomas Jefferson

2 impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

3 ratification of the 19th amendment

4 creation of the United States Navy
24. During the first 100 years of its history, the United States
                followed a foreign policy of

1 forming military defense alliances with European nations

2 establishing overseas spheres of influence

3 remaining neutral from political connections with other nations
4 providing leadership in international organizations
25. The decision of the United States Supreme Court in Marbury v. Madison (1803) established the power of the

(1) House of Representatives to impeach the president

(2) Congress to override a presidential veto

(3) president to veto congressional legislation

(4) Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality of laws
26. The Louisiana Purchase had great geographic significance for the United States because it

(1) reduced British control of North America

(2) focused the United States on westward expansion

(3) extended United States control over Mexico

(4) decreased tensions with Native American Indians
27. “It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. . . .”Marbury v. Madison, 1803

This statement expresses the Supreme Court’s claim that

(1) courts must abide by a strict interpretation of the Constitution

(2) federal laws must be approved by the courts before they can
take effect

(3) the judicial branch must have a role in the amendment process
(4) the power of judicial review belongs to the courts
28. • Alien and Sedition Acts

    • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

These pieces of legislation reflected the conflict between

(1) Congress and the president

(2) states’ rights and federal supremacy

(3) the military and the civilian government

(4) the United States Supreme Court and state courts
29. As a strict constructionist, President Thomas Jefferson questioned the constitutional right to

(1) receive diplomats from foreign nations

(2) purchase the Louisiana Territory

(3) grant pardons to convicted criminals

(4) veto legislation passed by Congress
30. During the first half of the 19th century, territorial expansion led to

(1) increased tensions over slavery

(2) improved relations with bordering nations

(3) fewer conflicts with Native American Indians

(4) decreased domestic demand for manufactured goods
31. In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson was influenced most by John Locke’s idea of

(1) due process of law

(2) natural rights

(3) the rights of the accused

(4) the right to privacy

32. Conflicts between Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians
during President George Washington’s first administration
led directly to the


(1) end of the Era of Good Feelings

(2) decision to replace the Articles of Confederation

(3) addition of the elastic clause to the Constitution

(4) start of the first political parties
33. Why did the United States follow a policy of open
                   immigration during much of the 1800s?

            (1) Many United States citizens wanted to live abroad.

(2) The United States had a shortage of labor.

(3) Prosperous conditions in Europe resulted in fewer 
      immigrants coming to the
United States.

(4) Immigrants provided United States industry with
                  investment capital.
34.The Supreme Court decision in Marbury v.
Madison(1803) was important because it

(1) established the principle of judicial review

(2) led to the reelection of President Thomas Jefferson

(3) showed that the states were stronger than the
                 federal government

(4) proved that the legislative branch was the most 
                 powerful branch of government
35. During the first half of the 19th century, the construction of canals and roads led to the

(1) expansion of trade between Midwestern farmers and
                  eastern merchants

(2) growth of plantation agriculture in Texas and New Mexico

(3) severe economic decline of the South

(4) bankruptcy of several railroad companies in the Mississippi Valley
36. Acquiring New Orleans as part of the Louisiana Purchase
                  was considered important to the
development of the
Mississippi and Ohio River valleys because the city

(1) provided protection from attacks by the Spanish

(2) provided migrant workers for river valley farms

(3) served as a port for American agricultural goods

(4) served as the cultural center for the nation
37. During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the spoils 
                  system resulted in

(1) federal laws being nullified by the states

(2) elected officials rewarding their supporters with government jobs

(3) all free males being given the right to vote

(4) the end of political corruption in the federal government
38. The Mississippi River system was an important
                   economic resource during the first half of 
the 1800s
                   because it was used to

(1) irrigate desert lands

(2) transport farm goods to market

(3) move immigrants to the Northeast

(4) produce hydroelectric power
39. Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality (1793),
Jefferson’s Embargo Act (1807), and the 
                  Doctrine (1823) were all efforts to

(1) avoid political conflicts with European nations

(2) directly support European revolutions

(3) aid Great Britain in its war against France

(4) promote military alliances
40. Under the leadership of Chief Justice John Marshall
                  (1801–1835), the
United States 
Supreme Court issued
                   decisions that

(1) declared racial segregation laws unconstitutional

(2) gave states the power to tax the Bank of the United States

(3) increased the ability of Congress to limit the powers
                 of the president

(4) established the supremacy of federal laws over state laws
41. What was a major reason that slavery expanded in the
                   South in the first half of the 1800s?

(1) Federal government regulations favored Southern exports.

(2) New inventions led to an increase in cotton production.

(3) Most early textile mills were built in the South.

(4) The federal government encouraged the importation of 
                  enslaved persons.
42. President Andrew Jackson used the spoils system to

(1) veto bills he disliked

(2) enforce Supreme Court decisions

(3) move Native American Indians off their traditional lands

(4) provide jobs to political party supporters
43. Which two geographic features most influenced United
foreign policy throughout the
19th century?

(1) Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean

(2) Gulf of Mexico and Missouri River

(3) Great Lakes and Hudson River

(4) Appalachian Mountains and Rocky Mountains
44. Which geographical advantage did the United States gain
                with the
Louisiana Purchase?

1 a Mississippi River port on the Gulf of Mexico

2 access to southern ports on the Pacific Ocean

3 control of land west of the Rocky Mountains

4 more natural harbors on the Atlantic Ocean
45. When President Thomas Jefferson acquired the
Louisiana Territory from France, he 
demonstrated that
                he had modified his belief that

(1) the Constitution should be strictly interpreted

(2) the federal government should limit individual rights

(3) adding territory would lead to regional rivalries

(4) commercial development was the main goal of the
                  federal government
46. In which section of early 19th-century America was the
                plantation system an important

(1) New England

(2) the Middle Atlantic states

(3) the South

(4) the West
47. During the early 1800s, the United States placed few 
                restrictions on immigration because

(1) the Constitution did not allow restrictions

(2) labor unions welcomed the new workers

(3) southern landowners needed additional workers

(4) the industrial economy was creating new jobs

48. “. . . the American continents, by the free and
independent condition which they have assumed
                 and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered
as subjects for future colonization by any European
                 powers. . . .” — President James Monroe, 1823

Which President later built on the idea expressed in this quotation?

(1) Abraham Lincoln

(2) Theodore Roosevelt

(3) Harry Truman

(4) Richard Nixon
49. Which group benefited most from the United States
                 acquisition of the
port of New Orleans?

(1) farmers in the Ohio River Valley

(2) Native American Indians in the Southwest

(3) fur trappers in the Columbia River Valley

(4) gold miners in northern California
50. In the 1800s, the Great Plains region of the United States
                was characterized primarily by

(1) exceptionally high amounts of annual rainfall

(2) heavily wooded forests covering most of the area

(3) an extensive system of navigable rivers

(4) vast expanses of native grasses
51. In the early 1800’s, the need for a water route to help
                farmers ship their products to market 
was one reason for the

(1) Gadsden Purchase

(2) Louisiana Purchase

(3) Mexican Cession

(4) Missouri Compromise
52. On what grounds would strict constructionists of the
                United States Constitution have
questioned the purchase
                of the
Louisiana Territory?

(1) It violated the guarantee of states’ rights.

(2) The president was not specifically given the power to
                  purchase new land.

(3) Congress was opposed to expansion west of the
Mississippi River.

(4) The Constitution applied only to the original thirteen states.
53. President Andrew Jackson claimed that use of the spoils
                  system increased democracy in the 
federal government
                  because it

(1) removed property-holding qualifications for voting

(2) limited the role of the electoral college in presidential elections

(3) allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office

(4) used nominating conventions to pick political party candidates
54. Both the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise 
                  of 1850 settled conflicts
between the North and the South over

(1) admission of states to the Union

(2) Supreme Court decisions

(3) presidential election results

(4) voting rights
55.  The principles of government that Thomas Jefferson
                   included in the Declaration of 
Independence were
                   most influenced by

(1) John Locke’s social contract theory

(2) Adam Smith’s ideas of free enterprise

(3) Louis XIV’s belief in divine right

(4) William Penn’s views on religious toleration
56. During the 19th century, New York was one of the most
                  powerful states in the nation
because it

(1) became the financial and industrial center of the nation

(2) led the nation in achieving political reforms

(3) produced more presidents than any other state

(4) offered more civil liberties than any other state
57. Thomas Jefferson opposed Alexander Hamilton’s plan
                  to create a national bank primarily
because the plan would

(1) weaken the nation’s currency

(2) increase the national debt

(3) promote the interests of farmers

(4) depend on a loose interpretation of the Constitution
58. The completion of the Erie Canal in the early 19th century
                   aided the economic development
of the United States by

(1) supplying water for the irrigation of western farms

(2) lowering the cost of shipping goods from the Midwest
                  to the Atlantic coast

(3) providing a shipping route for cotton from the South to Europe

(4) supplying waterpower for running factories and mills
 59. From 1820 to 1865, the debates over nullification, 
                    protective tariffs, and the spread of
slavery into the
                    new territories concerned the constitutional issue of the

(1) balance of power between the federal and state governments

(2) balance between the rights of individuals and the need
                 to maintain order

(3) protection of the rights of ethnic and racial groups

(4) separation of power between the executive and
                  legislative branches
60. A major foreign policy success of President Thomas
                  Jefferson’s administration was the

(1) purchase of the Louisiana Territory

(2) support for the Alien and Sedition Acts

(3) victory in the war of 1812

(4) passage of the Embargo Act
61. The major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to

(1) create a military alliance for the defense of North America

(2) guarantee democratic governments in Latin America

(3) secure new colonies in the Caribbean

(4) limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere
62. During the 19th century, the completion of the Erie Canal
                  and the transcontinental railroads
contributed to the
                  industrial growth of the
United States by

(1) making the movement of goods easier and cheaper

(2) protecting the United States from low-priced foreign imports

(3) encouraging subsistence farming

(4) connecting the United States to markets in Mexico and Canada
63. Which Supreme Court case best completes the partial
                   outline below?

I. ______________________________

A. Heard under Chief Justice John Marshall

B. Established judicial review

C. Strengthened the judiciary

(1) Marbury v. Madison (1803)

(2) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

(3) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

(4) Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
64. A major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to

(1) limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere

(2) establish United States colonies in South America

(3) form military alliances with Latin American nations

(4) avoid involvement in Canadian conflicts
65. Most tariffs in the 19th century were intended to

(1) allow access to cheap foreign imports

(2) raise revenue and protect domestic manufacturing

(3) redistribute wealth among the social classes

(4) limit American exports